Plantar fascia is a ligament that connects your heel bone to your toes. Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of this ligament. The most common place where this inflammation occurs is right where this ligament attaches to your heel bone and thus giving you heel pain. But it can occur in other portions of the ligament such as in the arch area and thus you feel more of a arch pain.
The good news is that about 90% of all plantar fasciitis cases resolve with conservative treatments such as icing, orthotics, stretching exercises, plantar fasciitis compression socks/sleeves, proper shoes, etc. But on the other hand when leaving the plantar fasciitis untreated, it can cause major problems and it can even become a chronic problem. Studies show that it take about the same amount of time to treat it as compared to how long you have had it. Thus, the longer you live with it the longer and harder it becomes to treat and the more complications may arise.
What usually happens is that people usually do not give enough time for their feet to rest after an injury, and a lot of of them do not even care of their injury and continue to participate in physical activities without proper support to their feet, don't use any orthotics or arch supports and basically all together just ignore their foot problem. All these factors will aggravate your foot pain and make it harder to get rid of it.
Thus ignoring your foot pain and especially plantar fascia pain can cause major complications such as plantar fascia tears, plantar fascia ruptures, plantar fibromatosis, heel spurs, fx of the spur of the calcaneus just to name a few. Lets talk about some of these complications.
Plantar fascia tears & ruptures: The plantar fascia is a flexible, stretchable band of fibers that runs from your heel bone to your toes and it is also connected to your Achilles tendon which also attaches to the heel bone but in the back of your heel. And I would like for you to compare it to a rope which is made of a lot of small strings and your heel bone is like a pulley. So just imagine what happens when this rope is being pulled over and over again over this pulley.
Do you think that overtime some of this strings within the rope will start to wear out and tear? Of course they, will. What happens when this rope, in our case the plantar fascia, is being over used, some of these strings will tear and if more pressure is being applied, it will cause it to rupture or fibrose due to continued tears within it and them trying to heal and forming hard tissue and even nodules on the bottom of your feet. Thus, you may end up with a ruptured plantar fascia. But the minute some of these fibers will tear, you will start to feel some pain within your heel mostly because that's the area of insertion of the plantar fascia and as I said before, you will get most of your pain around this area.
Heel spurs: Another complication that can happen with untreated plantar fascia is you can get a spur to your heel bone. Usually the spur arises right at the place where the plantar fascia attaches into the calcaneus. This will happen if you do not get a rupture but since your plantar fascia is tight. It will keep on pulling on your heel bone and it will encourage extra bone formation at this area. Now, at the beginning people usually get most pain with the first step in the morning. And the reason for that is that in the morning, after a whole night of sleeping and resting your feet, the plantar fascia is in its contracted position. But once you place the foot on the ground, the plantar fascia will try to stretch due to the weight and gravity. This tight plantar fascia will cause the morning pain. Once you start walking a little and the plantar fascia stretches a little. You will notice that your pain will start to slowly subside or get better.
However, when in chronic stages, you will get pain the whole day and maybe even at night. Thus, with time if the plantar fascia continue to be tight you may even end up with a fractured heel spur due to the pull from the plantar fascia. Therefore, it is imperative that you don't ignore your feet pain. Take good care of them. It is important to stretch and support your feet.
Patri Products Foot Roller/Massager - Click here to shop
Patri Products Orthotics, full length 1 pair - Click Here to shop.
Patri Products Plantar fasciitis compression sock/sleeve - Click Here to shop.